11.3 Persuasive Reasoning and Fallacies
- Define inductive, deductive, and causal reasoning.
- Evaluate the quality of inductive, deductive, and causal reasoning.
- Identify common fallacies of reasoning.
Persuasive speakers should be concerned with what strengthens and weakens an argument. Earlier we discussed the process of building an argument with claims and evidence and how warrants are the underlying justifications that connect the two. We also discussed the importance of evaluating the strength of a warrant, because strong warrants are usually more persuasive. Knowing different types of reasoning can help you put claims and evidence together in persuasive ways and help you evaluate the quality of arguments that you encounter. Further, being able to identify common fallacies of reasoning can help you be a more critical consumer of persuasive messages.